Trade Agreement Between Canada And Iran
The May 8 announcement included 90 and 180 clearance periods based on activity or industry. The 90-day liquidation period, which ended on August 6 of this year, had an impact on trade with Iran in various metals, currencies and the Iranian automotive sector. The 180-day resolution phase, which ended on 4 November this year, covers a wider range of companies, including Iranian port operators, the shipping and shipbuilding sectors; Iran`s energy industry, including oil, petroleum and petrochemicals; banking, finance and insurance in Iran. Formal relations between the two nations continued uninterrupted from 1955 to 1980. When Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeinis expelled the Shah from the country in 1979, the Canadian Embassy attempted to evacuate the 850 Canadian workers to Iran, while embassy staff remained.  Six U.S. diplomats took refuge at the Canadian Embassy after protesters of Iranian students stormed the U.S. Embassy and the Canadian government, in coordination with the Central Intelligence Agency, safely evacuated them with Canadian passports with fake Iranian visas.  This covert rescue is known as the “Canadian Caper,” and as it improved Canada`s relations with the United States, Canada-Iran relations became more volatile.   Embassy staff were quickly evacuated for fear of reprisals against Canadians, and the embassy was closed in 1980.  On May 8, 2018, the Trump administration announced that the United States was withdrawing from the country`s multilateral agreement with Iran on the development of nuclear weapons, officially known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).
Canada has lifted the blanket limitation on trade, investment and financial transactions with Iran, which were previously included in the SEMA regulations, and has moved to a list-based model whereby transactions with Iran are generally authorized, unless these changes are followed by the issuance of General H by the U.S. Office of Foreign Assets Control on January 16, 2016. which effectively eliminated the application of U.S. sanctions to Iran to foreign subsidiaries independent of U.S. companies. (For more details on the changes in the U.S., check out this blog post.) Both developments mean that Canadian companies now have significantly more flexibility than before to negotiate goods and services with Iran and invest in Iran. After already imposing a series of trade sanctions in 2012, Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird imposed additional bans and froze the rest of trade with Iran. This occurred at a time when bilateral trade was valued at about $135 million ($130 million).
This was set up to protest Tehran`s nuclear ambitions and human rights record. Baird was quoted as saying: “The lack of progress … Canada was forced to immediately ban all exports and exports from Iran. Statistics Canada data for 2012 show that exports to Iran are valued at approximately $95 million, mainly cereals, oleochemical seeds and fruit, as well as chemicals and machinery. Iranian exports totaled $40 million, with fruit, nuts and textiles being the most common. Baird conveyed his message at the annual meeting of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee in Washington. Baird garnered a long standing ovation by reiterating the government`s view that Iran`s search for a nuclear weapon is the most dangerous threat to global security.  July 14, 2015 the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States) and Germany, known as the P5-1, under the leadership of the European Union, have reached an agreement with Iran in its nuclear programme, the Comprehensive Joint Action Plan (JCPOA), approved by Resolution 2231 (2015) of the Council of Sec